The dbAppendTable() method assumes that the table has been created beforehand, e.g. with dbCreateTable(). The default implementation calls sqlAppendTableTemplate() and then dbExecute() with the param argument. Backends compliant to ANSI SQL 99 which use ? as a placeholder for prepared queries don't need to override it. Backends with a different SQL syntax which use ? as a placeholder for prepared queries can override sqlAppendTable(). Other backends (with different placeholders or with entirely different ways to create tables) need to override the dbAppendTable() method.

Methods in other packages

This documentation page describes the generics. Refer to the documentation pages linked below for the documentation for the methods that are implemented in various backend packages.

dbAppendTable(conn, name, value, ..., row.names = NULL)

Arguments

conn

A DBIConnection object, as returned by dbConnect().

name

The table name, passed on to dbQuoteIdentifier(). Options are:

  • a character string with the unquoted DBMS table name, e.g. "table_name",

  • a call to Id() with components to the fully qualified table name, e.g. Id(schema = "my_schema", table = "table_name")

  • a call to SQL() with the quoted and fully qualified table name given verbatim, e.g. SQL('"my_schema"."table_name"')

value

A data frame of values. The column names must be consistent with those in the target table in the database.

...

Other parameters passed on to methods.

row.names

Must be NULL.

Value

dbAppendTable() returns a scalar numeric.

Details

The row.names argument is not supported by this method. Process the values with sqlRownamesToColumn() before calling this method.

Failure modes

If the table does not exist, or the new data in values is not a data frame or has different column names, an error is raised; the remote table remains unchanged.

An error is raised when calling this method for a closed or invalid connection. An error is also raised if name cannot be processed with dbQuoteIdentifier() or if this results in a non-scalar. Invalid values for the row.names argument (non-scalars, unsupported data types, NA) also raise an error.

Passing a value argument different to NULL to the row.names argument (in particular TRUE, NA, and a string) raises an error.

Specification

SQL keywords can be used freely in table names, column names, and data. Quotes, commas, spaces, and other special characters such as newlines and tabs, can also be used in the data, and, if the database supports non-syntactic identifiers, also for table names and column names.

The following data types must be supported at least, and be read identically with dbReadTable():

  • integer

  • numeric (the behavior for Inf and NaN is not specified)

  • logical

  • NA as NULL

  • 64-bit values (using "bigint" as field type); the result can be

    • converted to a numeric, which may lose precision,

    • converted a character vector, which gives the full decimal representation

    • written to another table and read again unchanged

  • character (in both UTF-8 and native encodings), supporting empty strings (before and after non-empty strings)

  • factor (returned as character, with a warning)

  • list of raw (if supported by the database)

  • objects of type blob::blob (if supported by the database)

  • date (if supported by the database; returned as Date) also for dates prior to 1970 or 1900 or after 2038

  • time (if supported by the database; returned as objects that inherit from difftime)

  • timestamp (if supported by the database; returned as POSIXct respecting the time zone but not necessarily preserving the input time zone), also for timestamps prior to 1970 or 1900 or after 2038 respecting the time zone but not necessarily preserving the input time zone)

Mixing column types in the same table is supported.

The name argument is processed as follows, to support databases that allow non-syntactic names for their objects:

  • If an unquoted table name as string: dbAppendTable() will do the quoting, perhaps by calling dbQuoteIdentifier(conn, x = name)

  • If the result of a call to dbQuoteIdentifier(): no more quoting is done to support databases that allow non-syntactic names for their objects:

The row.names argument must be NULL, the default value. Row names are ignored.

The value argument must be a data frame with a subset of the columns of the existing table. The order of the columns does not matter.

Examples

con <- dbConnect(RSQLite::SQLite(), ":memory:")
dbCreateTable(con, "iris", iris)
dbAppendTable(con, "iris", iris)
#> Warning: Factors converted to character
#> [1] 150
dbReadTable(con, "iris")
#>     Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width    Species
#> 1            5.1         3.5          1.4         0.2     setosa
#> 2            4.9         3.0          1.4         0.2     setosa
#> 3            4.7         3.2          1.3         0.2     setosa
#> 4            4.6         3.1          1.5         0.2     setosa
#> 5            5.0         3.6          1.4         0.2     setosa
#> 6            5.4         3.9          1.7         0.4     setosa
#> 7            4.6         3.4          1.4         0.3     setosa
#> 8            5.0         3.4          1.5         0.2     setosa
#> 9            4.4         2.9          1.4         0.2     setosa
#> 10           4.9         3.1          1.5         0.1     setosa
#> 11           5.4         3.7          1.5         0.2     setosa
#> 12           4.8         3.4          1.6         0.2     setosa
#> 13           4.8         3.0          1.4         0.1     setosa
#> 14           4.3         3.0          1.1         0.1     setosa
#> 15           5.8         4.0          1.2         0.2     setosa
#> 16           5.7         4.4          1.5         0.4     setosa
#> 17           5.4         3.9          1.3         0.4     setosa
#> 18           5.1         3.5          1.4         0.3     setosa
#> 19           5.7         3.8          1.7         0.3     setosa
#> 20           5.1         3.8          1.5         0.3     setosa
#> 21           5.4         3.4          1.7         0.2     setosa
#> 22           5.1         3.7          1.5         0.4     setosa
#> 23           4.6         3.6          1.0         0.2     setosa
#> 24           5.1         3.3          1.7         0.5     setosa
#> 25           4.8         3.4          1.9         0.2     setosa
#> 26           5.0         3.0          1.6         0.2     setosa
#> 27           5.0         3.4          1.6         0.4     setosa
#> 28           5.2         3.5          1.5         0.2     setosa
#> 29           5.2         3.4          1.4         0.2     setosa
#> 30           4.7         3.2          1.6         0.2     setosa
#> 31           4.8         3.1          1.6         0.2     setosa
#> 32           5.4         3.4          1.5         0.4     setosa
#> 33           5.2         4.1          1.5         0.1     setosa
#> 34           5.5         4.2          1.4         0.2     setosa
#> 35           4.9         3.1          1.5         0.2     setosa
#> 36           5.0         3.2          1.2         0.2     setosa
#> 37           5.5         3.5          1.3         0.2     setosa
#> 38           4.9         3.6          1.4         0.1     setosa
#> 39           4.4         3.0          1.3         0.2     setosa
#> 40           5.1         3.4          1.5         0.2     setosa
#> 41           5.0         3.5          1.3         0.3     setosa
#> 42           4.5         2.3          1.3         0.3     setosa
#> 43           4.4         3.2          1.3         0.2     setosa
#> 44           5.0         3.5          1.6         0.6     setosa
#> 45           5.1         3.8          1.9         0.4     setosa
#> 46           4.8         3.0          1.4         0.3     setosa
#> 47           5.1         3.8          1.6         0.2     setosa
#> 48           4.6         3.2          1.4         0.2     setosa
#> 49           5.3         3.7          1.5         0.2     setosa
#> 50           5.0         3.3          1.4         0.2     setosa
#> 51           7.0         3.2          4.7         1.4 versicolor
#> 52           6.4         3.2          4.5         1.5 versicolor
#> 53           6.9         3.1          4.9         1.5 versicolor
#> 54           5.5         2.3          4.0         1.3 versicolor
#> 55           6.5         2.8          4.6         1.5 versicolor
#> 56           5.7         2.8          4.5         1.3 versicolor
#> 57           6.3         3.3          4.7         1.6 versicolor
#> 58           4.9         2.4          3.3         1.0 versicolor
#> 59           6.6         2.9          4.6         1.3 versicolor
#> 60           5.2         2.7          3.9         1.4 versicolor
#> 61           5.0         2.0          3.5         1.0 versicolor
#> 62           5.9         3.0          4.2         1.5 versicolor
#> 63           6.0         2.2          4.0         1.0 versicolor
#> 64           6.1         2.9          4.7         1.4 versicolor
#> 65           5.6         2.9          3.6         1.3 versicolor
#> 66           6.7         3.1          4.4         1.4 versicolor
#> 67           5.6         3.0          4.5         1.5 versicolor
#> 68           5.8         2.7          4.1         1.0 versicolor
#> 69           6.2         2.2          4.5         1.5 versicolor
#> 70           5.6         2.5          3.9         1.1 versicolor
#> 71           5.9         3.2          4.8         1.8 versicolor
#> 72           6.1         2.8          4.0         1.3 versicolor
#> 73           6.3         2.5          4.9         1.5 versicolor
#> 74           6.1         2.8          4.7         1.2 versicolor
#> 75           6.4         2.9          4.3         1.3 versicolor
#> 76           6.6         3.0          4.4         1.4 versicolor
#> 77           6.8         2.8          4.8         1.4 versicolor
#> 78           6.7         3.0          5.0         1.7 versicolor
#> 79           6.0         2.9          4.5         1.5 versicolor
#> 80           5.7         2.6          3.5         1.0 versicolor
#> 81           5.5         2.4          3.8         1.1 versicolor
#> 82           5.5         2.4          3.7         1.0 versicolor
#> 83           5.8         2.7          3.9         1.2 versicolor
#> 84           6.0         2.7          5.1         1.6 versicolor
#> 85           5.4         3.0          4.5         1.5 versicolor
#> 86           6.0         3.4          4.5         1.6 versicolor
#> 87           6.7         3.1          4.7         1.5 versicolor
#> 88           6.3         2.3          4.4         1.3 versicolor
#> 89           5.6         3.0          4.1         1.3 versicolor
#> 90           5.5         2.5          4.0         1.3 versicolor
#> 91           5.5         2.6          4.4         1.2 versicolor
#> 92           6.1         3.0          4.6         1.4 versicolor
#> 93           5.8         2.6          4.0         1.2 versicolor
#> 94           5.0         2.3          3.3         1.0 versicolor
#> 95           5.6         2.7          4.2         1.3 versicolor
#> 96           5.7         3.0          4.2         1.2 versicolor
#> 97           5.7         2.9          4.2         1.3 versicolor
#> 98           6.2         2.9          4.3         1.3 versicolor
#> 99           5.1         2.5          3.0         1.1 versicolor
#> 100          5.7         2.8          4.1         1.3 versicolor
#> 101          6.3         3.3          6.0         2.5  virginica
#> 102          5.8         2.7          5.1         1.9  virginica
#> 103          7.1         3.0          5.9         2.1  virginica
#> 104          6.3         2.9          5.6         1.8  virginica
#> 105          6.5         3.0          5.8         2.2  virginica
#> 106          7.6         3.0          6.6         2.1  virginica
#> 107          4.9         2.5          4.5         1.7  virginica
#> 108          7.3         2.9          6.3         1.8  virginica
#> 109          6.7         2.5          5.8         1.8  virginica
#> 110          7.2         3.6          6.1         2.5  virginica
#> 111          6.5         3.2          5.1         2.0  virginica
#> 112          6.4         2.7          5.3         1.9  virginica
#> 113          6.8         3.0          5.5         2.1  virginica
#> 114          5.7         2.5          5.0         2.0  virginica
#> 115          5.8         2.8          5.1         2.4  virginica
#> 116          6.4         3.2          5.3         2.3  virginica
#> 117          6.5         3.0          5.5         1.8  virginica
#> 118          7.7         3.8          6.7         2.2  virginica
#> 119          7.7         2.6          6.9         2.3  virginica
#> 120          6.0         2.2          5.0         1.5  virginica
#> 121          6.9         3.2          5.7         2.3  virginica
#> 122          5.6         2.8          4.9         2.0  virginica
#> 123          7.7         2.8          6.7         2.0  virginica
#> 124          6.3         2.7          4.9         1.8  virginica
#> 125          6.7         3.3          5.7         2.1  virginica
#> 126          7.2         3.2          6.0         1.8  virginica
#> 127          6.2         2.8          4.8         1.8  virginica
#> 128          6.1         3.0          4.9         1.8  virginica
#> 129          6.4         2.8          5.6         2.1  virginica
#> 130          7.2         3.0          5.8         1.6  virginica
#> 131          7.4         2.8          6.1         1.9  virginica
#> 132          7.9         3.8          6.4         2.0  virginica
#> 133          6.4         2.8          5.6         2.2  virginica
#> 134          6.3         2.8          5.1         1.5  virginica
#> 135          6.1         2.6          5.6         1.4  virginica
#> 136          7.7         3.0          6.1         2.3  virginica
#> 137          6.3         3.4          5.6         2.4  virginica
#> 138          6.4         3.1          5.5         1.8  virginica
#> 139          6.0         3.0          4.8         1.8  virginica
#> 140          6.9         3.1          5.4         2.1  virginica
#> 141          6.7         3.1          5.6         2.4  virginica
#> 142          6.9         3.1          5.1         2.3  virginica
#> 143          5.8         2.7          5.1         1.9  virginica
#> 144          6.8         3.2          5.9         2.3  virginica
#> 145          6.7         3.3          5.7         2.5  virginica
#> 146          6.7         3.0          5.2         2.3  virginica
#> 147          6.3         2.5          5.0         1.9  virginica
#> 148          6.5         3.0          5.2         2.0  virginica
#> 149          6.2         3.4          5.4         2.3  virginica
#> 150          5.9         3.0          5.1         1.8  virginica
dbDisconnect(con)